It can be exhausting to look after a young child, especially if the child has a vision impairment and needs you to help them to develop and make sense of the world. Other families say it’s important to know your limits and to avoid becoming overwhelmed and exhausted.


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The first social contact babies have is usually with his/her mother during feeding times. This happens through eye contact. The mother smiles and talks to the baby while she feeds him and this is how bonding happens. Handling and touching the baby also plays an especially significant role.

The baby with visual impairment cannot make eye contact with the mother. Therefore, there is no ‘communication’ between them. This not only causes the baby to be passive and withdrawn from the mother, but also the mother from the baby. The mother may feel that the baby does not respond to her, so she withdraws, leading to estrangement between them. Less interaction and handling of the baby by the mother occurs, and therefore less social contact.

Mother holding baby on thighs so she can guide his hands to her face

Mother holding her baby so she can guide his hands to her face


The child with visual impairment’s social interaction is more complicated than that of the visual child because facial expressions, body language and other visual clues have never been seen. Parents need to give extra guidance and assistance in this respect. This article explains this further.

Social Interaction


  • Try to meet other families who have children with vision impairments; they’re a unique and invaluable source of information and experience.

3 Blind children feeling the nec and nose of a real stuffed giraffe

3 Blind children feeling the neck and nose of a real stuffed giraffe

  • Approach big tasks one step at a time.
  • Be realistic when estimating time and try to build in a big enough margin for your child to do things at their pace. This isn’t always possible, but when you can build in the extra time likely to be needed, everyone arrives happier. Often parent carers feel most stressed when they have to be at a certain place at a certain time, e.g. on time for school or work.
  • Try to involve your other children with the new baby and explain to them what the baby’s visual impairment means. Here are some practical tips about explaining visual impairment to siblings.
  • involve your other children

Little blind boy playing with water toys in a plastic pool together with another child

  • Take a break. Plan small breaks for yourself during the day. When your baby is having a daytime nap, 10 minutes with your feet up reading a magazine will do you better than 10 minutes of housework.
  • Get out on your own from time to time. It may be hard to make the necessary arrangements for your child to be looked after, but it can be worth it. You and your child benefit from relationships with other people, and a chat with a friend or a trip to the shops may give you new energy or ideas, or just give you time to think, away from everyday jobs.
  • Recognise that it’s difficult to cope with the unknown. Acknowledging this may help you to deal better with uncertainty. Being positive and taking action to help your baby can help you to feel more in control.
  • Find some help - and when you have found it, use it. Spread the load. Involve Family and Friends. Invite other parent carers in for a coffee and a chat - in the early years, this will also encourage your children to play together spontaneously. Here are more tips about involving others and how to make your visually impaired child part of your family life and the world around you.
  • Involve Family and Friends.
  • Make your child part of the family, and part of the world.

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