Visual Impairment – Causes, Diagnoses and Impact 

 There are many reasons why children have vision impairments. Sometimes it’s genetic, or the result of an infection or injury. In many cases no specific cause can be identified. 

sometimes a simple explanation may be given, but diagnosis is often difficult, especially if the condition is rare and little understood. It’s not unusual for the diagnosis of a child’s medical condition to take months or even years. Sometimes families never get the explanation why their child has a vision impairment. 

Questions to Ask from medical professionals or read more about

  • What’s the cause of my child’s vision impairment? 
  • What’s my child’s condition called and how do you spell the name? 
  • Can anything be done to cure or improve the condition? 
  • Is any special treatment necessary? 
  • What can I do to help? 
  • Is this a family or inherited condition? If so, will we be referred to a genetic counsellor and have genetic tests? 
  • Is there anything my child must not do (e.g. rub their eyes or shake their head, or take part in certain activities)? 
  • Is the condition likely to get worse, better or stay the same? 
  • What risks are there? For what should I look out? 
  • When should my child be examined again? 
  • Where should we go for further advice and help? 
  • Have you any information on the eye condition that I could take home and read? Is there a website? 
  • What support is available? 

If you have been given a diagnosis of a particular condition affecting your child’s vision, there is a good deal of information and videos available on the internet.  

Articles and Videos about Visual Impairment 

A child who is born blind does not know what it is like to see. Until he or she is old enough to begin to understand how other people do things, blindness seems normal. Therefore, a small child will not feel bad about blindness until someone teaches him or her (directly or indirectly) to feel bad about it. 


Child feeling a tactile book waring an eye guard to protect him from poking his eyes

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